The report documents Isis– WICCE’s annual Peace Exposition that was held in Kasese in 2011 that focused on ending child marriage in the district. It provided a space for different stakeholders to speak out strongly against the practice of marrying off young girls before the age of 18 that has for long existed in Kasese district. It is a practice that has cast a dark shadow over the future and lives of many young girls.
Child marriage has continued to be one of the major factors affecting the achievement of development indices and targets in Uganda. This report presents the findings of the study on “Child Marriage and its impact on Development” which was carried out in Kasese district (Western Uganda) in two counties; Busongora North.
The study provides the needed information on the problem of child marriage and its socio economic impact on the society. It directly shows that young children should instead be nurtured for development programmes and progress of society. Involving the child mothers and fathers at every stage of development calls for looking at the issue of child marriage with holistic lenses; especially ensuring that victims and survivors get self esteem, and are provided with means to enhance their well being. It is therefore a loud reminder to policy makers, parents, cultural leaders, religious leaders and the whole community to be part of the great strides Isis-WICCE is taking to end child marriage and restore self worth in the affected that have lost hope in the future. An abused generation cannot contribute to future progress.
We hope that the articles in this volume will act as an International diary for women who are willing to share their experiences as victims of SGBV. We also hope that their resilience can provide encouragement and learning for other survivors’ worldwide to demand justice.
The report examines the extent to which survivors of rape and sexual violence access justice in Nepal as well as the response mechanisms that are in place to address the concerns of rape survivors. The study covered the 10 districts of Morang, Dhanushs, Kailali, Udayapur, Kavrepalanchowk, Kathmandu, Baglung, Dailekh, Dolakha and Darchula.
The findings show that the reporting and documentation of rape cases is still very marginal. An average of 443 cases in a year reflects a high prevalence ofrape if systems were conducive for survivors to report. The analysis further indicates that rape is deeply entrenched national problem that transcends class, caste, ethnicity, age, economic, educational, geographical and religious status.
Situations of conflict perpetuate sexual and gender-based violence as women are forced and coerced into relationships and raped, which consistently abuses their dignity and exposed them to sexually transmitted diseases including HIV and AIDS. In this book, Isis-WICCE publishes a collection of post-conflict communities in Liberia, Uganda and Zimbabwe. These stories of resilience and hope show that it is possible for women living with HIV&AIDS in post-conflict communities to make a difference in their lives and their immediate communities when they are given the means for empowerment.
Isis-WICCE, using its action-oriented approach noted the urgent need for the development of a standardized locally adapted training manual for use to train operational level health workers working in areas affected by armed conflict. This manual builds on the experiences of medical interventional work carried out by Isis-WICCE to bridge health gaps in post conflict communities. The prototype of this manual was pre-tested among health workers based in Kitgum district and among psychiatric clinical officers drawn from various war affected districts of Uganda, with their comments and suggestions considered in its revision.
This report presents the process leading up to and the analysis of the major findings of the short-term medical intervention that was undertaken by Isis-WICCE in the two counties of Maryland and Grand Kru in Liberia where a total of 1158 women and men war survivors were screened and received treatment. The key health conditions that were presented during the exercise included Vesico Vaginal Fistulae, genital prolapse, enlarged and elongated breasts, urinary tract infections, hernias, hydroceles, epilepsy and mental health disorders. The medical intervention was prompted by the findings from the Isis-WICCE report, ‘A situational analysis of the women survivors of the 1989-2003 conflict in Liberia,’ where the four counties of Lofa, Bong, Maryland and Grand Kru were studied.
The exchange visits are part of Isis-WICCE’s Exchange Programme; a practical, experiential learning process, which opens eyes of adult learners to lives of other communities and of new possibilities; address apathy; enhance dialogues between communities and are a source of new energy and initiatives towards social change. Exchange visits break boundaries and create a new awareness to other realities. This report therefore documents the processes and strategies used on the exchange visit, level of outreach and impact and lessons learnt.
The report highlights experiences and challenges women and men encountered during the armed conflict in Liberia in the counties of Maryland, Bong, Lofa and Grand Kru. It also highlights the conduct of the warring groups during the conflict.
The 1993-2003 armed conflict in Liberia and the sexual and Gender based violence that emanated had devastating effects not only on individuals but also communities. The war destroyed social service provision and delivery, social networks and kinship systems. The report also reveals that torture and violence were not only committed by armed groups especially on women and girls but were also systematically used by police and prison officers, who were expected to be “custodians of peace.” It also presents the conduct of the warring groups as experienced by survivors; clearly detailing high levels of sexual violence.
The study documented the experiences of South Sudanese women in the two decades-long armed conflict from 1983-2005. The study covered Juba town in Central Equatorial state. The study shows the devastating impact of conflict on the political, socio-economic and cultural dynamics of South Sudanese women. They were subjected to the most humiliating, brutal and traumatizing experiences. Apart from gang rape, often in the presence of their children, and spouses, women’s vaginas were mutilated with bayonets while young girls would have their external genitalia especially the clitoris cutout. Experiences of such gruesome torture and humiliation often resulted into mental breakdown and physical health problems.
The study reveals that the prolonged civil armed conflict greatly impacted on the population with acute poverty, poor health, persistent insecurity of persons and property, displacement and congestion in the internally displaced people’s camps.